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What is the Campaign for Fairer Gambling?

I had lunch with a former Daily Mail journalist the other day, who was recalling how, on his first day in the job, he was given a single line about some issue which was taken slightly out of context, and told to built a story around it.

Even if the lunch had been ten years ago, it would still have sprung to mind when I saw yesterday that the paper was reporting the number £72million in connection with FOBTs in Rochdale. To argue that “a staggering £340 for every man, woman and child is pumped into gambling slot machines in a year” without setting that number in context is wonderful if what you want to do is alarm someone who understands nothing about it, but as a case for making policy, it is nonsense.

As I used to argue ad infinitum when people talked to me about Betfair’s gambling “turnover” as if it were something significant, an individual who loses £10 on a machine without winning, loses the £10 he started with; and an individual who starts with a tenner in his pocket, but on his last £1 spin wins enough to get back to £9; and then on his last £1 spin wins to get back to £8, and so on until he has nothing left, also loses the £10 he started with. But in the first instance, £10 is put into the machine in total, and in the second, £10+£9+£8+£7…+£1 is put in, which comes to a total of £55. No-one can sensibly suggest that the gambler started with £55 and lost £55: he only had two fivers in his pocket when he walked into the shop.

Similarly, the good people of Rochdale are unlikely to have had £72m to put into FOBTs. One company I have asked for some data came back to tell me that their four shops in Rochdale took a total of £567,127 in gross win in 2012, and gross win to the bookie is gross loss to its customers. So if the Daily Mail’s interested, that’s the number that’s relevant, because that’s the amount of money that was spent. That’s actually £2.68 for every man woman and child. Argue the rights and wrongs from there, and I’m all ears.

It’s interesting, though, this lobbying campaign against FOBTs, with its “crack cocaine of gambling” line that was repeated four times in the article. In many respects, full marks to the ‘Campaign for Fairer Gambling’ which has raised the issue to lead the broadcast news and front the pages of newspapers.

Exactly what the CFG is, though, is not clear.  Its submission to DCMS argues that casino regulation should be relaxed (page 30), which is not a position you would expect to be held by an organisation which on the face of it is concerned about problem gambling. Indeed, the most recent Prevalence Study into problem gambling found that “problem gambling prevalence was highest among those who reported they regularly played poker in a club/pub (20.3%)”  (page 95).

The massive offensive that the Daily Mail launched against the Gambling Act 2005, which originally would have led to the creation of supercasinos in the UK, was, curiously enough, driven by lobbying from gambling interests which stood to lose out to big new players coming in from America. It might seem odd that commercial interests which were profiting from gambling should have been behind a campaign against it, but in the specific circumstance, it made sense.

There’s no chance, I guess, that the CFG’s campaign against FOBTs might also be more about someone feeling that their commercial lunch is somewhat being eaten? Or that by ‘fairer gambling’, the balance that those behind this campaign are keenest to address is not that between punter and operator, but between operators themselves? I can understand it must be really annoying to have a patent over one type of gambling and then watch people increasingly using another form that you’re not in full control of.

Can anyone help throw any light on the background and interests of the people behind it?





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7 Responses

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  1. Trigger Happy says

    Hi Mark

    Will you be blogging anything on Ladbrokes takeover of Betdaq? Such an interesting situation. Is this a serious threat to Betfair or will it actually lead to Betfair upping their game in a positive way? Could we really see a reduction in the Premium Charge or is that fantasy?


  2. MD says

    Hi TH

    I have been snowed under by work, so I haven’t had any time to write on a whole host of subjects that have crossed my mind (in gambling and outside it). The nearest I can offer right now is the post I have just put up which was an article I wrote about Betfair’s share price performance a few weeks ago, for publication in GIQ last week.

  3. bigdipper says

    The chief ‘wrongs’ of FOBTs in shops as I see them are three:

    1) As they stand, the machines do not have the in-built controls to protect vulnerable people from losing money they can ill afford in an addicted jag. I don’t know of machines that stop playing after a customer has exceeded a maximum loss per session. Nor from my experience of watching people play in shops is it at all frequent an occurrence for an employee to step in and suggest that a player is betting beyond their means–even though the High St is signed up to a code of practice on fairer gambling. Many of the arguments are FOBTs would be disarmed to a degree by a code by which players had the option of stating their maximum loss per session, at which point the machine would freeze them out. I can’t see, either, that players or bookmakers could have any possible objection to this.

    2) The High St. strategy of directing punters towards FOBTs and away from sports through promotions is having an adverse effect on the funding of horse racing, which is dependent on a slice of player losses. It is debatable whether the sport should be funded in this way, and especially debatable whether horse racing authorities and participants (owners, trainers, courses) should have a financial interest in this being so. Nevertheless, as it is stands FOBTs thrive and racing declines in direct proportion.

    3) FOBTs are also bad for employment, and for income tax and national insurance receipts, in that they require fewer staff to run than a betting office full of punters making sports bets. Indeed, this is part of their attraction to the High St.–they also the double manning of shops in many instances where three people were on duty before, and in some instances can be single-manned. One strong argument physical bookmakers have in arguing that they are performing some kind of service in moving into vacant High Streets is that they provide employment for precisely the kind of person who has been squeezed by the economy. This point is discarded when their revenue-generation model is also a profitability model that hinges on skeleton staffing.

    By the way, I agree with Mark about the Campaign for Fairer Gambling.

  4. bigdipper says

    *many of the arguments against FOBTs would be disarmed

  5. bigdipper says

    * they allow the double manning of shops…

Continuing the Discussion

  1. What’s with the threats? | Mark Davies linked to this post on May 9, 2013

    […] wrote a blog back in January asking whether anyone could fill me in as to who or what the Campaign for Fairer Gambling was, and […]

  2. Brief thoughts on yesterday’s debate linked to this post on January 9, 2014

    […] It seems to me that the point of the FOBT debate should be about helping those who get themselves into trouble, which makes it a debate about gambling addiction, and not a question about the product.  For me, it’s not enough to say that FOBTs are a special case because they offer the chance to bet a lot of money, repetitively, at short intervals: the same is true of betting on the dogs, and about 90% of what is available online. The drive to make this a debate about the product rather than the concept of protecting vulnerable people makes me suspicious. […]

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